Types of Mattress for Hospital Beds
Generally, the mattress is the most important part of the bed, especially a hospital bed. Hospital bed mattresses-also referred to as therapeutic or medical mattresses-are vital factors when providing comfort and support to a recuperating patient in the bed. These mattresses are understandably a highly diverse type of medical equipment, with most of them designed to target specific ailments. A hospital bed mattress is composed of either one or a combination of foam, gel, air, or innerspring coils. Hospital bed mattresses can be categorized into different types ranging from innerspring mattresses to bariatric mattresses. Below is a comprehensive guide on types of mattresses for hospital beds to help you make informed choices.
Why Choose A Medical/Hospital Bed Mattress
Medical mattresses have an array of functional features making them worth the investment. Whether you want a hospital bed mattress for home recuperation or general use, below are reasons you should get a medical mattress:
· Hospital bed mattresses are convenient. You can use a medical mattress for both home and hospital care. Unlike the traditional heavier mattresses, medical mattresses are much easier and comfortable to use.
· Alternate pressure points A medical mattress allows your body to move comfortably. As such, since it is possible to shift the pressure points so that your body is in motion, it becomes highly unlikely that you will get painful bedsores or sore skin by using medical mattresses.
· The Mattresses Improve Blood Circulation Medical mattresses are designed to help your blood circulation and pressure relief. Regardless of the position you take on the mattress, rest assured, your comfort is guaranteed.
Features to Consider When Choosing A Mattress for Hospital Bed
Are you looking for a hospital bed mattress for home care? Below are important factors to consider when choosing a hospital bed mattress.
1) Size and Weight of the Patient
Weight and size capacity is a vital factor to consider when choosing a medical mattress. Generally, taller patients require longer mattresses, whereas shorter patients require not-so-tall mattresses. Moreover, if your patient is a child, you will need a small-sized bed mattress. On the other hand, if your patient weighs more than average, you may require a sturdy bariatric mattress since it is often designed to handle more weight. It also comes in pressure-relieving and foam models.
2) Patient's Mobility
Can your patient access the mattress easily? How long on average does the patient spend in bed? Generally, the longer a patient stays in bed, the more caution must be exercised to avoid skin conditions like ulcers, skin shearing, and bedsores. In addition, if your patient spends most of their waking hours in bed, get a foam mattress that distributes weight evenly. Foam mattresses are designed with several layers accommodating the varying pressure and weight of different body parts, ultimately preventing bedsores. Avoid innerspring mattresses if your patient spends a lot of hours in bed. To prevent bedsores and skin shearing, you can choose an alternating pressure or low air loss mattress.
3) The Need for Cleaning
How frequently do you need to clean the mattress? Incontinent patients are better suited with mattresses that have anti-microbial covers and seams. An additional bonus of water and stain resistance can also save you a lot of trouble. Most medical mattresses come with the above features, making cleaning easier and convenient.
4) Mattress Life
How long or short do you anticipate the patient will need to use the mattress? If the mattress serves temporary needs, it is vital to weigh costs against mattress features to ensure you don't spend a lot on something that you might not need in the long run. Additionally, if you anticipate long-term usage, as is the case with chronic or degenerative conditions, it is advisable to go all in money-wise and features as well.
5) Patient Movement
Are the patient's movements in bed low or high? The low, the better. However, if your patient is extremely restless, get a mattress with a smooth cover designed to prevent shearing. As an added feature, you can add perimeter guards that provided extra protection against a patient falling or rolling off the bed.
Types of Hospital Bed Mattresses
Below are the different types of hospital bed mattresses and relevant information that will help you make informed purchases.
· Innerspring Mattress An innerspring mattress is the most common hospital bed mattress. The mattress shares common features with regular mattresses. It is the perfect choice for patients who don't need to stay in bed for extended periods. The main advantage of an innerspring mattress is how quickly your patient can adapt to it.
· Foam Mattress
A therapeutic foam mattress often features different layers, densities, and features. They are mostly designed to reduce pressure. Therapeutic foam mattresses are mostly used in the prevention and early stages of pressure ulcers.
Foam mattresses are the perfect choice for patients who spend longer in bed. They feature a unique design that protects patients from getting bedsores.
· Air Mattresses Medical air mattresses are designed for improved comfort and enhanced blood circulation. They play a key role in a patient's recovery by preventing pressure sores and skin shearing. Moreover, it blows air via the spaces in the air cylinders and covers. This air movement conveniently keeps your skin dry and is perfect for individuals who sweat a lot at night.
· Alternating Pressure Relief Mattresses This mattress provides pressure therapy and redistribution by deflating and inflating air cells within the mattresses to reduce contact points with the body. The air pressure changes are modest but sufficient to relieve pressure points on the user.
· Water/Gel Mattresses
Water/gel mattresses are unique mattresses that provide maximum protection from pressure ulcers. They are also sturdy and durable in nature. Water/gel mattresses provide the highest level of required comfort to rest or improve overall well-being.
A gel mattress works on the Visco gel polymer technology designed to offer unprecedented even pressure distribution. This technology also offers rapid heat dissipation. A water mattress is ideal for therapeutic use and improves one's physical and mental health.
· Combination Therapy Mattresses These specialized mattresses work on an advanced tech of combining two or more function modes to provide optimal therapy. The combination therapy mattress is the perfect choice for providing all-around comfort and healing for individuals who spend lots of time in bed. It is perfect for protecting patients against bedsores and pressure ulcers.
A lateral rotation mattress combines the benefits of lateral rotation, pressure relief, and low air loss in a single portable system. The lateral rotation mattress system provides unrivaled user comfort and pressure ulcer management by regulating moisture and heat, reducing friction and shear, as well as relieving pressure.
Mattress Toppers and Overlays
A mattress overlay is a device applied to a mattress bed top to prevent pressure ulcers(bed sores) and increase circulation. Overlays are filled with various substances like gel, water, foam, air, or a combination of these. They can also be dynamic or static. A pressure relief mattress topper offers a layer of foam, wool, or fleece on top of the existing mattress. The popular choices are memory foam mattress toppers.
What Are the Best Brands of Hospital Mattress?
Below is a brief guide of some of the top brands of hospital mattresses. These mattresses vary in features, sizing, affordability, versatility, and durability.
1. Invacare Deluxe Innerspring Support Surface 5185
This is a top-quality, durable innerspring mattress. It offers 312 coils that provide you with deluxe support. In addition, the Invacare Deluxe sports features high-density poly fiber padding for comfort and soothing relaxation. It also has two vents on the side that allow the mattress to circulate air. The mattress also features an antibacterial and anti-static waterproof vinyl cover.
2. Drive Medical Therapeutic 5 Zone
It is divided into five zones that make an ideal system for pressure redistribution and hindering bed sores and pressure ulcers from affecting the user. The mattress combines strength, hygiene, and comfort, making it perfect for patients under long-term bed rest.
3. Medline Advantage 300 Foam Mattress
Most users generally find this mattress to be highly comfortable. The mattress has three zones that redistribute weight and pressure evenly for users. It also has an antibacterial easy-to-clean vinyl cover. It is generally considered more durable than alternative brands.
4. Drive Medical Quick and Easy
This mattress comes with a non-slip bottom that diligently centers the mattress on the hospital bed. It also has four corner straps that keep the mattress stable at all times. The mattress is designed with polyurethane foam that provides support, durability, and comfort. It also features a removable nylon cover that offers vapor permeability, fluid resistance, and low shear.
Is the Cost of A Hospital Mattress Refundable?
Unfortunately, hospital mattresses are non-refundable products due to health considerations. When buying a hospital bed or mattress, consult with healthcare professionals to help you choose the ideal option
Does Medicare Usually Pay for Hospital Mattresses?
Yes, it does. Medicare covers the hospital bed provided it is medically necessary to help your condition. A therapeutic mattress is categorized under 'air-fluidized beds and support surfaces.' As such, provided your doctor prescribes it, Medicare covers the hospital mattress as Durable Medical Equipment (DME).
However, there are restrictions in such instances. If the seller accepts payment from Medicare, you will pay 20% of the Medicare-approved amount. The Part B Deductible will also apply. Moreover, Medicare has strict rules for covering "support surfaces" based on a patient's diagnosis, degree of mobility, and degree of need for skin support. It is important to consult a Medicare expert or your doctor to discuss such specifics.
Will Private Insurance Cover A Hospital Mattress?
Like Medicare, most insurance companies consider hospital mattresses as Durable Medical Equipment, especially if a hospital bed is considered necessary to the patient's recovery. Contact your medical insurance provider to determine what coverage is available to you.
What Else Do I Need to Know About Purchasing A Hospital Mattress?
Choosing a hospital mattress for home-based care is an important decision. Most importantly, a mattress plays a huge role in one's rest and recovery process. As such, a lot of factors go into deciding which hospital mattress you should acquire. Some of the most important factors you ought to consider include your patient's comfort and health status. Most importantly, you also need to consider the costs and your budget. One of the ways to secure your investment and ensure you purchase a high-quality mattress, take your time to search the market for the ideal choice. You can also seek a medical healthcare professional's insight and advice on the best hospital mattresses for your home-based care needs.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Can you use a regular mattress on a hospital bed?
Ideally, a regular mattress should not be used on a hospital bed. Most regular mattresses do not provide the same support and tend to cause pressure on uncomfortable parts of the body. They tend to contribute a lot to bedsores. Additionally, a regular mattress cannot bend conveniently when using an adjustable bed, making it hard to feed your patient. Generally speaking, it is not fit in any way to endure the stringent requirements associated with a patient's medical condition.
How to prevent sliding on a hospital bed
To keep a patient from sliding on the hospital bed, raise the knees of the bed up before raising the head. Doing this will create a groove for the patient's buttocks to rest in and keep them from sliding on the bed.
How do you clean a hospital mattress?
Proper hygiene is an elemental part of caring for a hospital mattress. Hospital bed and mattress manufacturers recommend you clean the mattresses using soap and water to disinfect the surface, then rinse them using clean water. Ensure you use disinfectants with a pH of 5-9. Ensure you clean the mattress regularly to keep it bacteria-free at all times. The best solution to protect mattresses and prevent exposures is to use launderable impervious-to-water mattress covers. They are engineered to be cleaned like regular sheets. Harmony Home Medical Supply is a leading supplier of high-quality, functional, durable, and affordable hospital mattresses and medical supplies.